Indonesia Local Issues

Indonesia has made rapid development to ensure the rights of every child to education – 97% of children age 7-to -12 year olds in whole countries of Indonesia get same access to formal school. But, in fact, around 2.5 million of school-age children in Indonesia have no education: 600 thousands of elementary school-age and 1.9 million of secondary school-age children (13-to-15 year olds).


Statistics data of provincial and distric levels in Indonesia indicates certain groups of children is the worst-affected. Nearly half of the children living in poor families can not afford to continue their education to secondary school – children living in poorest households (low-income families) are four times more likely to be out of school than children from the affluent households.


Nearly 3 per cent of primary school-age children in the village are not attending school compared to in urban area of over 1 per cent. From those who learn in primary school, nearly 1 in 5 children can not continue to secondary level.


What about Bali? At current time, there are many complex social issues among Balinese community. First biggest issue is related to children. Most of children in Bali face school drop-out problem.


In academic year 2012/2013, number of drupouts in Bali reaches 1.186 students. Out of these numbers, the most dropouts were in Buleleng about 411 students. Compared to academic year 2013/2014, number of dropouts increased slightly to 1.198, but this time, the most dropouts about 466 students happenned in Karangasem.


A major consequence of constantly dropouts phenomenon and the lack of education of one generation to the next generation will slightly impact to the indonesia’s long-term growth.


In 2013, nearly half of the total 28.7 million or 13 million Indonesia’s total poor population was farmers. This means that farmers who are the country’s largest residents precisely have the lowest-level of welfare.


The second issue is the Bali farmers remain in a poor condition. Why do these farmers remain poor? This primarily driven by the small piece of land holding. The other reasons are farmers low-level of education (primary school level), have no access to capital loan, and the government policy on agricultural and trading system which sometimes does not favor small farmers. These are reasons why farmers need our help.

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